Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr, known for opposing both American and Iranian influence in Iraq, is resuming political activity ahead of the 2025 parliamentary elections. His return could heighten Iraq's instability.

Al-Sadr rose to prominence leading resistance against the US invasion of Iraq. His movement, combating corruption and foreign meddling, evolved into a major political force.

In 2021, the Sadrists, backed by religious and impoverished Shias, secured the largest parliamentary faction. However, Iran blocked al-Sadr's coalition efforts, forming the government.

In 2022, al-Sadr demanded parliament dissolution and new elections, triggering unrest. Despite briefly seizing control of parliament, his ultimatum wasn't accepted, prompting his temporary retirement from politics.